Ethiopia has been experiencing its worst drought in 50 years. Twenty per cent of the population is affected: 9.7 million people in need of emergency assistance under the HRD (Humanitarian Requirement Document) and 7.6 million under the national safety net (PSNP).
Ethiopia is one of the countries most affected by the El Niño phenomenon, which caused extreme weather across the African continent. Despite marked achievement earlier in the year, the humanitarian situation in Ethiopia remains critical.
Approximately 736 000 people are internally displaced as a result of clashes over scarce resources, drought and floods. In the most affected areas, up to 90% of crops were lost and hundreds of thousands of livestock died leading to food insecurity, malnutrition and diseases.
With 741 288 registered refugees, Ethiopia hosts the most refugees in Africa including Eritreans, Somalis, Sudanese and South Sudanese.
The latter make up the largest refugee population, with many people fleeing the ongoing conflict in neighbouring South Sudan. The European Commission provides assistance in all 24 refugee camps.
In 2016, the European Commission has so far allocated €169.8 million in humanitarian aid to respond to the El Niño-induced drought and floods as well as to support the refugees and internally displaced.